Singular and Plural Nouns 单数与复数名词

A singular noun refers to one person or thing.

单数名词是指一个人或物件。

Some examples of singular nouns are ant, pen, potato, bicycle, teacher, student, banana, lamp, mosquito and bag.

单数名词的一些例子包括 ant (蚂蚁)pen (钢笔)potato (洋芋)bicycle (自行车)teacher (教师)student (学生)banana (香蕉)lamp (灯)mosquito (蚊子)bag (旅行袋)


A plural noun refers to more than one person or thing.

复数名词是指超过一个人或物件。

Some examples of singular nouns are ants, pens, potatoes, bicycles, teachers, students, bananas, lamps, mosquitoes and bags.

复数名词的一些例子包括 antspenspotatoesbicyclesteachersstudentsbananaslampsmosquitoesbags




Many nouns form their plurals by adding ‘s’ or ‘es’.

许多单数名词是以加上 ‘s’ 或 ‘es’ 来形成它们的复数形式。

Examples:

例子:

apple - apples 萍果

ball - balls

car - cars 汽车

monkey - monkeys 猴子

jar - jars 玻璃罐子

snake - snakes

orange - oranges

goat - goats

stick - sticks 枝条

animal - animals 动物


bus - buses 公共汽车

watch - watches 手表

box - boxes 盒子

dish - dishes 碟子

match - matches 火柴

bush - bushes 灌木

mango - mangoes 芒果

buffalo - buffaloes 水牛

class - classes

glass - glasses 玻璃杯


Exercises 习题

Give the plural of each singular noun below.

试用以下单数名词的复数式来填充空格。

1. boy - _________________

2. hill - _________________

3. match - _________________

4. dish - _________________

5. fork - _________________

6. panda - _________________

7. fox - _________________

8. ship - _________________

9. volcano - _________________

10. hero - _________________

11. picture - _________________

12. farmer - _________________

13. glass - _________________

14. bus - _________________

15. vase - _________________

16. zoo - _________________

17. bush - _________________

18. waitress - _________________

19. bowl - _________________

20. pear - _________________


Answers 答案

1. boys

2. hills

3. matches

4. dishes

5. forks

6. pandas

7. foxes

8. ships

9. volcanoes / volcanos

10. heroes

11. pictures

12. farmers

13. glasses

14. buses

15. vases

16. pandas

17. zoos

18. waitresses

19. bowls

20. pears