Collective Nouns 集合名词

A Collective Noun is the name used for a collection of people, animals or things.

集合名词是用来形容一群人、动物或一批物品。

Examples:

例子:

People 人物 Animals 动物 Things 物品
a band of musicians 一队乐团 a troop of lions 一群狮子 a collection of stamps 邮票集
a crew of sailors 一群水手 a pack of wolves 一群狼 a library of books 书籍集
a choir of singers 一班合唱团 a gaggle of geese 一群鹅 a bunch of grapes 一串葡萄

Collective nouns are used with singular verbs.

集合名词与单数动词连用。

Examples:

例子:

An army of soldiers is marching in the field.

一支军队正在草场上练习队列行进。


A troop of lions is attacking an antelope.

一群狮子正在攻击一只羚羊。


A choir of singers is performing a Christmas carol on the stage.

一班合唱团正在台上演唱一支圣诞颂歌。


A gang of theives was arrested by the police last night.

警方昨天晚上逮捕了一帮贼。


Xianzheng gave her girlfriend a bouquet of flowers on Valentine’s Day.

情人节的那一天,先正送他的女朋友一束花。


The farmer rears a gaggle of geese on his farm.

那位农夫在他的农场里饲养了一群鹅。


I bought a bunch of grapes from the market.

我在市场上买了一串葡萄。






Study the following lists of collective nouns.

学习以下的集合名词。

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People 人物 Animals 动物 Things 物品
a gang of workmen (工人) a nest / colony / an army of ants (蚂蚁) a group / archipelago of islands 一群岛
a company of actors (演员) a swarm / hive of bees (蜜蜂) a ring of keys 一串钥匙
a troupe of dancers / performers (舞蹈者/表演者) a herd of antelopes (羚羊) a string of pearls 一串珍珠
a cast / company of actors (演员) a flock of birds (鸟) a set of china 一套瓷器
a party of friends (朋友) a herd of buffaloes (水牛) a bundle of rags 一扎破布
a school of clerks (书记) a culture of bacteria (细菌) a wad of money 一沓钞票
a gang of laborers (劳工) a quiver of cobras (眼镜蛇) a galaxy / constellation of stars 一个银河系/星座里的星星
a staff of employees (雇员) a fall of lambs (小绵羊) a range of mountains 一列山
a band / an orchestra of musicians (音乐家) a herd of cattle (牛) a flight of airplanes 机群
a panel of experts (专家) a pack of dogs (狗) a set / kit of tools 一套工具
a tribe of natives (土著) a drove of donkeys (驴子) a packet of cigarettes 一包香烟
a troop of boy scouts (童子军) a brood of chickens (鸡) a bundle of sticks 一捆柴火棍儿
a team of players (球员/演奏者) a shoal of fish (鱼) a flight of steps 一段楼梯
a posse of policemen / sheriffs (男警察 / 县治安官) a cote of doves (鸽子) a pack of cards 一副纸牌
a class of pupils (学生) a swarm of insects (昆虫) a clutch of eggs 一窝蛋
a company of girl guides (女童子军) a litter of kittens (小猫) a crate of fruit 一箱水果
a blast of hunters (猎人) a herd of elephants (大象) a suite of furniture 一套家具
a blush of boys (男孩) a troop / mop of kangaroos (袋鼠) a fleet / fortilla of ships 船队
a crew of sailors (水手) a leap of leopards (豹) a collection of stamps 邮票集
a staff of servants (仆人) a pride / troop of lions (狮子) a suit of clothes 一套服装
a choir of singers (歌手) a plague of locusts (蝗虫) a heap / pile of trash 一堆垃圾
an eloquence of lawyers (律师) a pit / nest / slither of snakes (蛇) a collection of pictures 图画集
an audience of listeners (听众) a tribe / troop of monkeys (猴子) a sheaf of corn 一捆玉蜀黍
an illusion of magicians (魔术师) a team / herd of oxen (公牛) a cluster of diamonds 钻石团
a crowd of onlookers / spectators (旁观者 / 观众) a parliment of owls (猫头鹰) a bale of cotton 一大捆棉花
a band of robbers (盗贼) a litter of puppies (小狗) a clump / thicket / grove of trees 树丛
a staff of teachers (教师) a nest of rabbits (兔子) a fleet of cars 车队
a gang / den of thieves (贼) a flock of sheep (绵羊) a batch of bread 一批面包
a flock of tourists (游客)   a stack of hay 一堆干草
a coven of witches (巫婆)   a network of computers 一个网路的电脑
a gaggle of women (妇女)   a tuft of grass 一丛草
a band of men (男人)   a bouquet / bunch of flowers 一束花
a bevy / galaxy of beauties (美人)   a library of books 书籍集
a host of angels (天使)   a heap / pile of stones 一堆石头
a board of directors (董事)   a dossier of documents 一个档案的文件
a bevy of girls / ladies (女孩 / 女士)   a bunch of bananas 一串香蕉
a congregation of worshippers (拜神者)   a bunch of grapes 一串葡萄
a bench of magistrates (地方执法官)   a quiver of arrows 一箭筒的箭
a horde of savages (未开化的人)   a chest of drawers 五斗柜
a party of politicians (政治家)   a hedge of bushes 一道灌木树篱
a crowd of people (人)    
a squad / army / troop of soldiers (军人)    


Exercises 习题

A. Choose the right collective nouns to fill in the blanks.

选择正确的集合名词来填充空格。

galaxy, bevy, band, tribe, gaggle, staff, party, suit, wad, pack

1. a ____________ of wolves

2. a ____________ of beauties

3. a ____________ of clothes

4. a ____________ of musicians

5. a ____________ of geese

6. a ____________ of stars

7. a ____________ of money

8. a ____________ of employees

9. a ____________ of natives

10. a ____________ of friends


B. Choose the correct answers.

选择对的答案。

1. a ( panel, board ) of experts

2. a ( set, bale ) of tools

3. a ( troop, leap ) of leopards

4. a ( brood, culture ) of bacteria

5. a ( company, eloquence ) of actors

6. a ( team, flock ) of sheep

7. a ( batch, network ) of computers

8. a ( drove, troop ) of donkeys

9. a ( board, panel ) of directors

10. a ( pack, library ) of books


C. Fill in the blanks with the right collective nouns.

用正确的集合名词来填充空格。

1. A few tourists are feeding a ____________ of monkeys in the botanical garden.

2. The hen is sitting on a ____________ of eggs.

3. A ____________ of politicians is having a meeting in the conference room.

4. A ____________ of dancers is dancing gracefully on the stage.

5. My cat gave birth to a ____________ of kittens last week.

6. Mr. Anderson gave his wife a ____________ of pearls as a birthday present.

7. The teller passed a ____________ of coins to the customer.

8. Mrs. Crusoe found a ____________ of mice in her attic.

9. The farmers are upset because a ____________ of locusts destroyed their crops.

10. My dad ordered a new ____________ of furniture for our living room last Christmas.


D. Choose the correct answers.

选择对的答案。

1. A few dolphins are chasing a ( class, school ) of fish under the sea.

2. A ( team, congregation ) of basketball players are warming themselves up before a match.

3. In a story that Wendy read, a ( host, board ) of angels came to the rescue of the earthquake victims.

4. The wealthy captain owns a ( flight, fleet ) of ships.

5. A few garbage men are clearing a ( set, pile ) of trash at the roadside.

6. I saw a ( gaggle, company ) of colorful parrots at the zoo last week.

7. While escaping from the house owner, the burglar tripped and fell down a ( flight, stack ) of steps.

8. Mrs. Ding bought a ( bunch, suit) of flowers from the florist’s.

9. There is a ( group, range ) of mountains a couple of miles away from the town.

10. Mr. Richard handed a ( wad, ring ) of keys to his daughter.


Answers 答案

A.

1.pack 2.bevy 3.suit 4.band 5.gaggle 6.galaxy 7.audience 8.staff 9.tribe 10.party

B.

1.panel 2.set 3.leap 4.culture 5.company 6.flock 7.network 8.drove 9.board 10.library

C.

1.troop/tribe 2.clutch 3.party 4.troupe 5.litter 6.string 7.rouleau 8.nest 9.plague 10.suite

D.

1.school 2.team 3.host 4.fleet 5.pile 6.company 7.flight 8.bunch 9.range 10.ring