Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns 所有格形容词及所有格代名词

Possessive Adjectives 所有格形容词

Possessive Adjectives are adjectives which show possession. ‘My’, ‘your’, ‘his’, ‘her’, ‘their’, ‘our’ and ‘its’ are possessive adjectives.

所有格形容词是显示拥有权的形容词。 ‘My (我的)’、 ‘your (你的)’、 ‘his (他的)’、 ‘her (她的)’、 ‘their (他们的)’、 ‘our (我们的)’ 与 ‘its (它的)’ 是所有格形容词。

Examples:

例子:

my pen 我的钢笔

your watch 你的手表

his house 他的房子

her car 她的车

their bicycles 他们的自行车

our books 我们的书

its paw 它的爪

In a sentence, a possessive adjective is always used before a noun.

在一个句子里,所有格形容词总是位于名词之前。

Examples:

例子:

This is my pen. 这是我的笔。

(The possessive adjective ‘my’ is used before the noun ‘pen’.)

(所有格形容词 ‘my’ 位于名词 ‘pen’ 之前。)


Those are my umbrellas.

那些是我的雨伞。


Your watch is on the table.

你的手表在桌子上。


That is his house.

那是他的房子。


Her car was destroyed in an accident.

她的车在一起车祸中被毁了。


They lost their bicycles yesterday.

昨天他们丢失了他们的自行车。


Our books are in the bag.

我们的书在旅行袋里。


The cat is licking its paw.

那只猫在舔它的爪子。






Possessive Pronouns 所有格代名词

Possessive Pronouns are pronouns which show possession. ‘Mine’, ‘yours’, ‘his’, ‘hers’, ‘theirs’ and ‘ours’ are possessive pronouns.

所有格代名词是显示拥有权的代名词。 ‘Mine (我的)’、‘yours (你的)’、 ‘his (他的)’、 ‘hers (她的)’、 ‘theirs (他们的) ’ 与 ‘ours (我们的)’ 是所有格代名词。

In a sentence, a possessive pronoun is always used after a noun.

在一个句子里,所有格代名词总是位于名词之后。

Examples:

例子:

This book is mine. 这本书是我的。

(The possessive adjective ‘mine’ is used after the noun ‘book’.)

(所有格代名词 ‘mine’ 位于名词 ‘book’ 之后。)


The magazines on the shelf are mine.

在书架上的杂志是我的。


Those pens are yours.

那些钢笔是你的。


The bicycle is his.

那辆自行车是他的。


The lipstick over there is hers.

那儿的唇膏是她的。


The cookies on the plate are ours.

盘子上的曲奇饼是我们的。


The pencils are theirs.

那些铅笔是他们的。


This is my eraser. The eraser is mine.

这是我的橡皮。这块橡皮是我的。


That is your car. The car is yours.

那是你的车。那辆车是你的。


This is his folder. The folder is his.

这是他的文件夹。这个文件夹是他的。


That is her dress. The dress is hers.

那是她的连衣裙。那件连衣裙是她的。


These are their towels. The towels are theirs.

这些是他们的毛巾。这些毛巾是他们的。


These are our shavers. The shavers are ours.

这些是我们的电动剃须刀。这些电动剃须刀是我们的。


Exercises 习题

A. Choose the right answers.

选择对的答案。

1. This is ( my, mine ) torch.

2. The torch is ( my, mine ).

3. That is ( your, yours ) handkerchief.

4. The handkerchief is ( your, yours ).

5. This is ( he, his ) hat.

6. The hat is ( he, his ).

7. That is ( her, hers ) comb.

8. The comb is ( she, hers ).

9. Those are ( their, theirs ) footballs.

10. The footballs are ( their, theirs ).

11. These are ( our, ours ) shirts.

12. The shirts are ( our, ours ).


B. Choose the correct answers.

选择对的答案。

1. This is ( her, hers ) brooch.

2. My husband bought this ring for me. It is ( my, mine ).

3. These bookmarks are not yours. They are ( her, hers ).

4. Come and see ( my, mine ) puppies when you are free.

5. The necklace that you found is ( he, his ).

6. We have a Frisbee. The Frisbee is ( our, ours ).

7. Has anyone seen ( my, mine ) car keys?

8. This is ( our, ours ) racquet and that is ( their, theirs ).

9. Your painting is as pretty as ( her, hers ).

10. The boy is playing with ( he, his ) toy car.

11. The dog is scratching ( it, its ) body.

12. Don’t use ( their, theirs ) things without ( their, theirs ) permission.

13. The shoes belong to us. They are ( our, ours ).

14. These are ( my, mine ) horses. The horses are ( my, mine ).

15. That scooter is not ( their, theirs ). It’s ( our, ours ).


Answers 答案

A.

1.my 2.mine 3.your 4.yours 5.his 6.his 7.her 8.hers 9.their 10.theirs 11.our 12.ours

B.

1.her 2.mine 3.hers 4.my 5.his 6.ours 7.my 8.our, theirs 9.hers 10.his 11.its 12.their, their 13.ours 14.my, mine 15.theirs, ours