Personal Pronouns 人称代名词

Personal Pronouns replace nouns in a conversation. There are two types of personal pronouns: those used as subjects and those used as objects.

人称代名词 用来代替名词。人称代名词有两种:一种是当作主语, 另一种则当作宾语


Personal Pronouns as subjects 当作主语的人称代名词

I’, ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘they’, ‘we’ and ‘it’ are pronouns used as subjects. They are usually placed before a verb in a sentence.

I’ (我)、 ‘you’ (你)、 ‘he’ (他)、 ‘she’ (她)、 ‘they’ (他们)、 ‘we’ (我们) 及 ‘it’ (它) 是当作主语的人称代名词。 在一个句子里,它们通常位于动词之前。

Examples:

例子:

He tore the paper. 他把纸撕了

(The personal pronoun ‘he’ is placed before the verb ‘tore’.)

(人称代名词 ‘he’ 位于动词 ‘tore’ 之前。)


I saw Lili yesterday.

我昨天看见丽丽。


You studied hard for your exam.

为了考试,你努力的学习。


He is washing his shoes.

他在洗他的鞋子。


She is watering the plants.

她正在给她的植物浇水。


They built a bridge over the stream last month.

他们上个月在这条溪上方建造了一座桥。


We washed the dishes after dinner.

晚餐之后,我们洗碗。


It caught a rat last night.

它作晚捉到了一只老鼠。







Personal Pronouns as objects 当作宾语的人称代名词

Me’, ‘you’, ‘him’, ‘her’, ‘them’, ‘us’ and ‘it’ are pronouns used as objects. They are usually placed after a verb in a sentence.

Me’ (我)、 ‘you’ (你)、 ‘him’ (他)、 ‘her’ (她)、 ‘them’ (他们)、 ‘us’ (我们) 及 ‘it’ (它) 是当作宾语的人称代名词。 在一个句子里,它们通常位于动词之后。

Examples:

例子:

John told me a story. 约汉说了一个故事给我听。

(The personal pronoun ‘me’ is placed after the verb ‘told’.)

(人称代名词 ‘me’ 位于动词 ‘told’ 之后。)


Meilin helped me yesterday.

美玲昨天帮了我。


Minwei wants to meet you tomorrow.

民卫明天要见你。


Billy lent him some money.

比利借给他一些钱。


I pushed her accidentally.

我不经意推了她。


Please pass them this book when you see them.

当你见到他们时,请把这些书递给他们。


Our father took us to the circus last month.

上个月,我们的爸爸带我们去看了马戏表演。


Xiufeng fed it some milk just now.

秀凤刚刚喂了它一些牛奶。



Exercises 习题

Choose the correct pronouns.

选择正确的代名词。

1. Paul has a pet hamster. ( He, Him ) takes good care of it.

2. Mr. and Mrs. Luke have a son. ( They, them ) love him very much.

3. I met Lisa yesterday. She treated ( I, me ) to lunch.

4. My brother and I saw a movie last week. ( We, Us ) enjoyed it very much.

5. Suzy spoke politely to the guests. ( Them, They ) were impressed with her politeness.

6. My dog was ill last week. So, ( me, I ) took it to the vet's.

7. If you see Rita, please inform ( she, her ) about the meeting.

8. Ricky had a few postcards. He gave ( they, them ) to me.

9. When the dogs saw the postman, they barked at ( he, him ).

10. The farmers harvested the tomatoes and sold ( they, them ) at the market.


Answers 答案

1.He 2.They 3.me 4.We 5.They 6.I 7.her 8.them 9.him 10.them