Subject and Object 主语与宾语

Subject

The Subject in a sentence is the person or thing that carries out the action of the verb.

在一个句子里, 主语是指进行某动作的人或物件。

Examples:

例子:

Xiaoming kicked the ball. 小明踢球了。

The subject of the above sentence is ‘Xiaoming’, as he carried out the action of the verb ‘kicked’.

句子里的主语是 ‘Xiaoming’ (小明), 因为他进行了某动作(踢球)。


The dog barked at the postman. 那只狗对邮差吠叫。

The subject of the above sentence is ‘dog’, as the dog carried out the action of the verb ‘barked’.

句子里的主语是 ‘dog’ (狗), 因为它进行了某动作(对邮差吠)。





Object

The Object in a sentence is the person or thing that is affected by the action of the verb.

在一个句子里, 宾语是指受了某动作的影响的人或物件。

Examples:

例子:

Xiaoming kicked the ball. 小明踢球了。

The object of the above sentence is ‘ball’ , as the ball was affected by the action of the verb ‘kicked’.

句子里的宾语是 ‘ball’ (球), 因为它受了某动作的影响(被踢了)。


The dog bit the postman. 那只狗咬了邮差。

The object of the above sentence is ‘postman’, as the postman was affected by the action of the verb ‘bit’.

句子里的宾语是 ‘postman’ (邮差), 因为他受了某动作的影响(被狗咬了)。


Exercises 习题

Pick out the subject and object in each sentence.

选出句子里的主语与宾语。

1. My father killed a snake.

2. The cat mewed at its owner.

3. Judy likes ice cream.

4. The monkey climbed up a tree.

5. My sister prepared dinner last evening.

6. My grandfather winds the old clock every day.

7. My aunt arranged the flowers this morning.

8. Daniel washes his car once a week.

9. The cheetah attacked the deer.

10. She jogs in the park every evening.


Answers 答案

Subject Object
1. father snake
2. cat owner
3. Judy ice cream
4. monkey tree
5. sister dinner
6. grandfather clock
7. aunt flowers
8. Daniel car
9. cheetah deer
10. she park