How to keep oneself healthy

There is a saying, 'health is better than wealth'. The saying is extremely true - a man may be immensely rich, but without health, he can hardly enjoy his wealth. Since health is so important, how does one keep oneself healthy?

One of the most effective ways to keep fit is through exercising. Doing exercise helps to reduce the risk of contracting heart diseases and getting stroke. Other than that, it also helps to decrease the risk of developing diabetes, high blood pressure and colon cancer. People who exercise regularly are able to maintain healthy bones, muscles and joints. Therefore, it is advisable to do exercise such as walking, jogging, swimming, cycling, doing push-ups, skipping, playing sports, et cetera three to four times a week for about half an hour per session to maintain good health.

Having a balanced diet is another key factor in ensuring a healthy life. It is important to eat food that is rich in nutrients. Fresh fruits and vegetables are rich sources of vitamins and minerals that are essential in order to keep fit. For strong bones and teeth, drink more yogurt and milk and eat more cheese. Other food that contributes to a balanced diet includes fish, poultry, eggs, beef, beans, nuts and tofu. It is advisable to avoid food that contains too much sugar as it causes bad health. The same goes for junk food and also food made from refined flour as a lot of nutrients are destroyed during the refining process. Unfortunately, most bread is made from refined flour nowadays. It is best to increase the intake of natural foods as they contain plenty of natural goodness which we cannot do without to possess good health.

It is wise to avoid smoking and drinking alcohol, since they damage our lungs and livers respectively, besides bringing forth other harmful effects to our bodies. Taking drugs can be a serious problem as it usually causes addictions, diseases and cancers. In serious cases, it may even cause deaths. Thus, it is advisable to stay away from drugs.

Having sufficient sleep is also a vital factor. Every day, school children, teenagers and adults should get 10 to 11 hours, 8 to 9 hours and 7 to 9 hours of sleep respectively. The insufficiency of sleep can lead to serious heart problems, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes and obesity. To improve the quality of our sleep, it is important to sleep in complete darkness, since artificial light interferes with the production of hormones or chemicals that tells our body to rest. If we are unable to eliminate the light in our room, then wear an eye mask.

Over-eating and under-eating can give rise to health problems as well. Therefore we should eat the right amount of food each meal.

About 70 percent of our body is made of water. Since our body is constantly using it up, we need to drink about 8 glasses of water daily to replenish it. Water is needed to flush toxins out of our vital organs, carry nutrients to our cells and provide a moist environment for our ear, nose and throat tissues. It also cools our body through the process of perspiration. When sweat evaporates from our skin, it takes heat with it and lowers our body temperature.

In conclusion, it is extremely vital for us to do everything in moderation. As long as one cultivates good habits and leads a healthy lifestyle, it is not difficult to keep oneself healthy.